Staying ahead in the tech market is essential for each programmer. Programming is a vast field and each developer chooses technologies and tools that are most convenient for them. However, there are some particular languages, frameworks, and platforms which have claimed themselves as among the most effective and easiest to use.
We have prepared for you several rankings from the different sources. So check them out and let us know that which one is your favorite?
These are the Top 10 Programming Languages of 2018
We have to go to number 10 also known as golang. Which was created back in 2007 by Google as a replacement for large-scale system development. And it’s become increasingly popular due to its simplicity. In fact, the team that created Go said that part of the motivation for it was from their frustration with the complexity of the C++ language.
Go is a statically typed language. It is comparatively quick and not just applications constructed on it but it also compiles code very quickly. Go is or has backed in concurrency support meaning that processes can start run and finish simultaneously. It’s also a garbage collected language which means that the developer doesn’t have to worry too much about memory management that stuff gets taken care of on its own.
It’s also a language for productivity and the code is really readable. It has a big standard library with a variety of features.
Rust was created by Mozilla as an update for C and C++ and processes the same programming tasks as C. It was actually the most loved language on Stack Overflow for 2016. It was created with security in mind, so it is almost impossible to run insecure code written on Rust.
It also takes advantage of powerful modern multi-core processors and designed in a way that it can it can be used to create large client and server programs that run over the Internet.
This programming language was presented to the general public in 2014 by Apple. It allows writing apps for iOS, Mac OS, Apple Watch, and tvOS.
It’s confirmed to be a smarter language and one that may create a direct and significant connection between iOS builders and end-users.
Not solely that but Swift will even substitute the C language for embedded programming on Apple platforms. Objective-c had a lot of issues with the with the apps crashing and Swift code is far less error-prone.
Ruby is a robust language that’s comparatively simple to learn. It’s the language for the popular Ruby on Rails framework. And intended to provide the fastest work with web applications and sites.
Ruby has its own package manager and dependency management. We can easily install and remove software and dependencies using gems
C++ is a general-purpose programming language and was built on top of the C language. It is extremely powerful and high-performance. It can be used to build system software game engines desktop applications as well as web applications.
Windows is basically written in C++ and also some Linux desktop environments like KDE. C++ is also extremely portable and it is usually the language of choice for multi-platform app development and it has a really rich function library.
Designed by Microsoft, C# is a multi-functional language which covers almost any sphere related to the digital world from mobile to game development. It used to power unity which is an incredible 2D and 3D game engine.
C# is also a pure object-oriented programming language which allows us to create much more modular and reusable code, this is a huge advantage over C++. In C# everything is considered an object even simple data structures so it has very strong memory backup.
It also has a rich set of libraries. And as far as the learning curve it’s not that steep especially if you already know a language like C or C++ or even Java.
PHP is an open source server-side language that’s used for web applications. Also, it is used by 82.7% of all the websites on the internet. Another big plus to PHP is that it can be embedded right into the HTML code as long as the file has a PHP extension. You can put PHP anywhere you’d like as long as it’s wrapped in tags. It’s also very easy to learn due to its flexibility.
The most effective feature of PHP is how easy it is to deploy it on the internet. You don’t require shell access, as most web hosting companies have PHP and MySQL pre-installed. So deploying is extremely simple.
You even have the framework like Laravel which is probably I’d say one of the best frameworks on the market for PHP. And then you have cake PHP and CodeIgniter, which is really easy to learn frameworks. So there’s a there is a lot going on with PHP even in 2018.
It is one of the most popular programming languages in the world. Java is not only a core language for Android development but also a cross-platform solution. It means that you may run a software written in Java on Mac OS, Windows, and Linux.
Java ruled the job market for years. Almost 90% of fortune 500 company use Java as a server-side language for back-end development. So Java is pretty much the official language for the enterprise. One of the biggest events for this language in 2017 was the release of its 9th version.
Python is a general-purpose language that focuses on productivity. And it can be used for desktop apps, web apps, data mining and much more even robotics and bio-metric stuff. The dynamic semantics of this language contributes to rapid development. However, it has disadvantages like low speed and a lack of mobile apps written in it.
Its code looks like English which makes it very easy to learn. Not only that, you can do a lot in Python with a small amount of code. It is also multi-paradigm programming language which means that we are able to use procedural programming in addition to object-oriented programming in it. Django is the most popular framework for Python out there.
The insights of this ranking are primarily based on the frequency of tags associated with development languages from StackOverflow and the number of projects utilizing these programming languages on GitHub.